The horse provides a hip action that is almost identical to humans. This motion provides physical benefits such as stimulating dormant nerves and muscles, increasing strength and stimulating vocal chords. Relaxation occurs from the warmth of the horses body reducing rigidity or spasticity. Emotional and psychological benefits include an increase in confidence and self-esteem through learning to master the horse. Interacting with and controlling the horse enhances focus, decision-making skills, and effective verbal and nonverbal communication (especially empowering to the speech impaired).